???ߣ????????? ???? ??Դ????ѧ???? ????ʱ?䣺2013-6-26 19:18:25
??֦ɢҶ??IBM
 
???µ?ý?屨???????ٴν????ǵ??????????????????????û?????˾??International Business Machines Corporation??IBM?????ϡ?
 
?????????????ҵ??о???Ա?Ĺ??ף?IBM????20???Ϊ???????ר?????Ĺ?˾??????????ҵר?????ݿ?ƣ?IBM??2012????6478??????ר????ˢ?¸ù?˾????ʷ??¼??
 
IBM֮????????ר????һֱ???ܣ????????ʵ???????鲼ȫ??6???޵?ʵ???????硣
 
IBM?о?ʵ???ң??ֳ?IBM?о?????ר?Ŵ??»?????ѧ?о?????̽?????Ʒ?йصļ????????ص??ǽ??????߽????һ??
 
????ȫ???ڶ?????ҵ??ʵ???ҵ??У?IBM???о?ʵ???ҿ?ν??“????????”?????˷ֲ?????????ص?12???о????ĺ??????Ӵ???о???Ա֮?⣬IBM?о?ʵ???һ????????಩ʿ??ͷ???ѧ?߲μӹ?????????һ????????ʵ??“???ͥ”??
 
??ؿ???
 
???????ΪIBM?о?ʵ???ҽ???ֻ??ָһ??ʵ???ң??ǿɾ?̫С?????ˡ?
 
Ŀǰ??IBM?о?ʵ???ҵ?12???о????????Ѿ???ȫ??6?????޿???????????ڸ??Ե????ڵ????в?ͬ??ʹ????ְ??
 
λ??????ŦԼ?Ļ????о????ij?????1961?꣬??IBM?о?ʵ???ҵ?֮?????????ࡣ?о???????IBM??ʼ??????˹·Լ??·??ɭ????????????ר?Ŵ??¼??????ѧ??????/????????????????о???ѧ??????ѧ????????߼??ȷ?????о???
 
??1956??????İ??????о????ģ?????IBMȫ???ģ?ڶ?????о????ģ?ͬʱҲ??IBM????????????ӵ?еĵ?һ??ʵ???ҡ????????о????ij??˴??¼??????ѧ?о????⣬?????и??³????????????塢ɨ????????΢????ͬ????????о??????????о????????????ϵ?һ?????̴洢???????أ???һ??ֵ?ø?ʵ???ҽ??????ǣ???ϵ???ݿ??????ﵮ???????ǿ??Ĺ?ϵ?????ݿ??ڵ?ʱ??????䶯??
 
IBM???????????ĵ??????о????ģ???λ???????ÿ???˹?ݵİ?˹͡?о????ģ?????????1995?꣬??Ҫרע?ڼ????Ӳ??????΢?????????о????Լ??????ģ???ɵ?·??ơ?ϵͳ???ܺķ???????ϵͳ?ܹ????о???
 
??????????????3???о??????⣬IBM????????9???о????ģ??ֱ?ֲ???ŷ?ޡ????ޡ??????ޡ??????޺ͷ??ޡ????Ƿֱ???λ????ʿ?????????о????ġ?λ????ɫ?еĺ????о????ġ?λ???ձ??Ķ????о????ġ?λ???й????????Ϻ????й??о????ġ?λ??ӡ???µ????ӡ???о????ġ?λ?ڿ????ǵķ????о????ġ?λ?ڰ??????????ֵİ??????о????ġ?λ?ڰ???ʥ???޺???Լ????¬?İ????о??????Լ?λ?ڰĴ?????ī?????İĴ??????о????ġ?
 
?????в??ò?????????????о????ġ?????????1986??ɨ????????΢????1987????³??????ϵķ????ٻ?????ŵ?????????٣?ʹ?????????о???????????????
 
????21???ͣ?IBMȫ??12???о????ģ?Эͬ????????̽?????о????????ǰ?С?
 
????????
 
??????????????ʵ???ҽ????ij??Բ?ͬ??IBM?о?ʵ???Ҵ?һ??ʼ??Ŀ??ͷdz???ȷ??ΪIBM??ITҵ???ȫ?????ܶ???????????ˣ?IBM?о?ʵ???ҵ?ÿһ??????ǻ۲????????ǿƼ?????ҵ??????ϵIJ??
 
1944?꣬IBM?ɹ??з?ȫ????̨???ּ????Mark1??1953?꣬IBM???????ķλ?Э??ҽ?????ȫ????????????????1956?꣬IBM??????Ч?ʵ??µ?˳???ȡ???????????Ե??Ƴ??????ȡ??Ʒ“RAMAC 305”??1969?꣬IBM?ɹ????????????ʵ???????״ε??£?1970?꣬IBM?????????ϵ???ݿ?Ĺ??룻1981?꣬IBM?Ƴ???̨???˵??ԣ???????һ??ȫ?µ???ҵ??2002?꣬IBMͶ??100????Ԫ??ʼ???¹?ҵ?????????̣?????????Ӧ??ʱ????
 
????IBM?о?ʵ???ҵ?ÿһ???ش󴴾ٺ?ͻ?ƣ???????ȫ?????????????һ??쫷硣??????쫷????ĵ?IBM?о?ʵ????ȴ??δֹ??????IBM???۹?Ҳ??????ͣ????IT????
 
ȫ???IBM?о?ʵ???ҵ????ò?????ͣ???ڶԼ??????????????“????????”??????ʼ??Ŀ??۽???ȫ?µ???????????Ŭ???Խ??????ķ?ʽ?ͷ???????̽??????ͼ??????һ?ɴ??³?????
 
????IBM??˵??IBM???о???Ա????????ͼ???¶?“????”???ж??塣?????߳?ʵ???ң??????????????ѽ??????????ⷢ????ս???Ӷ??ж?????ɳĮ????Դ?ļ?⣬??ͨ?????׼????Կ?ϸ????IBMȫ?????п?ѧ?Ҷ??ڳ???һ????ͬ??Ŀ??ǰ?????????????
 
???????IBMʵ???ҵľ޴?DZ?????????г?ϸ?֣????????????ģ????????????Ȼ??Դ?????ʹ??֪????ϵͳ??????ǿ????йٵ?????????????????ԴŴ?????????ý??洢????Astron??֯Э????ͬ̽????????Դ?İ??أ??ȵȡ?
 
????IBM?о?ʵ???ң?????˵??һ??ʵ???ң???????˵??һ???ṩ“?뷨”??idea???Ĵ??ԡ?
 
“?????????з??????????????ǵ?ʵ???ң?IBM???о???Ա??????????չ??ѧ??????????ҵ?ķ?Χ??ʹ?????ø??á?”IBM??Ŀ??ʮ????ȷ????
 
????ѧ???š? (??ѧ????2013???05?? ʵ????)
??E-mail????      
| ??ӡ | ???? |